A prolific writer whose works ranged from poetry and songs to short stories and plays, Rabindranath Tagore passed away on August 7, 1941. His love for humanity was depicted in his works as he believed in universal humanity.
A multifaceted personality, Tagore began writing poetry when he was only eight years old and he was only 16 when he released his first collection of poems under the pseudonym ‘Bhanusimha’.
Also, Rabindranath Tagore is the only known person who has written the national anthems for three different countries. He wrote ‘Jana Gana Mana’, the national anthem for India, ‘Amar SonarBangla’, the national anthem for Bangladesh and ‘Nama Nama Sri Lanka Mata’, in Bengali, for Sri Lanka.
He also stressed on the concept of compassion and living in the way for the benefit of others. He also created an educational setup called Shanti Niketan based on practical activities. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913.
Following is a short description of the famous works of Rabindranath Tagore:
Subject: Devotion to God
Also known as ‘Song Offerings’, Rabindranath’s Gitanjali is a collection of poems, originally written in Bengali and later translated into English. It made him win him the Nobel Prize in Literature. His unfathomable pain and unshaken devotion to God are captured in the moving prose verses of Gitanjali.
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls’
Subject: Extra-marital affair
A Bengali novel written by Tagore, ‘Chokher Bali’ or ‘A grain of sand’ is a story which revolves around an extra-marital affair. It is a story about passion, desires, relationships, unfulfilled dreams as well as honesty. The complexity of relationships and of human character are very well portrayed in this novel.
Subject: Loneliness and the search for meaning in the world
This is a touching story of a city-bred young man working as a postmaster in a remote village to earn his bread and butter.
It is the largest and the most complex of the 12 novels written by Rabindranath Tagore. It raises a number of issues/ concerns, which seem very contemporary and are easily applicable to current scenario of our country.
This book is a reflection and analysis of the multifarious social life in colonial India.
Kabuliwallah (The Fruitseller from Kabul), 1961
The Kabuliwala is a moving tale of an Afghan vendor trying to earn a living in faraway Calcutta and the emotional bond he develops with the narrator’s five-year-old daughter.
Sadhana: The realization of life
It relates a theory of a few points of the teaching of Jesus Christ and Gautama Buddha. This narrative touches many bases dealing with the virtue of man, greed, love and compassion.
The novel was serialised in 1928, from Bhadro to Choitro in the magazine Probashi, and was published in book form the following year. It has been translated into English as The Last Poem and Farewell song.
The book is about a platonic love of a matured couple. It is a saga, an epic love story.
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