Stages of Film-making

“film making is the chance to live many lifetimes” – Robert Altman

In this technological world, filmmaking is considered as a contemporary art form consisting of many forms of art such as acting, direction, cinematography, music, dance, graphic designing, editing and many others, which enhance the audience’s attraction. One single frame of one particular film can give us roller-coaster ride of different emotions. Making a film is not as easy as eating a pie because every film maker needs proper knowledge about filmmaking and different steps to make a decent movie. There are many points that should be followed while making film. Here are some listed stages of filmmaking.

Important stages of filmmaking (Source: Google)

1. The Inspiration: First and foremost, making a good film needs an inspiration, which comes from several sources such as books, magazines, newspaper, real life story. Imagination is also a form of inspiration for making a movie.

2. Budget of the film: Making a film takes time, preparation and involves hundreds of crew members. Film-making starts with one idea, inspiration is everywhere around you. You can dream ideas, but ideas cost millions and it is very important to protect your ideas. Plethora of filmmakers often take out errors and emissions insurance to protect against copyright. From the stage of pre-production to post-production and distribution, what a film needs is finance and a budget to work within. In a nutshell, making a good film costs an arm and a leg. So, managing the finance and setting up a budget is significant stage.

3. Script writing: The next stage in the development of the projects to turn the rough idea into a final script ready for production, but this costs money. To get the money the producer has to use the treatment and pitch, plus one has to use persuasion to get the money for the development of the script. The writer spends plenty of money to finalise one particular script.

 4. Cast selection: The casting process begins with casting directions breaking down scripts, identifying speaking roles and their descriptive profiles, then they arrange 1st round of audition after that they take call backs, testing and finalize cast for the film.

5. Pre-production: During pre-production, the script is broken down into individual scenes with storyboards and all the locations, props, cast members, costumes, special effects and visual effects are identified. An extremely detailed shooting schedule is produced and arrangements are made for the necessary elements to be made available to the film-makers at the appropriate times.

6. The shoot:  This stage is called production stage and also known as principal photography when shooting begins. During this short timeframe, additional  crew hired like a script supervisor to check for script continuity while filming, and a property master to acquire and oversee any of your film’s props. The hair, makeup, and costume departments will handle the actors’ visual appearance, and actors will rehearse their lines and main scenes. Picture and sound editors are also hired during this time, choosing the best takes of the day and assembling them into a sequence  so that a rough cut is ready by the time filming ends.

Different camera shot angles of filming (Source : Pinterest)

7. Post production: Post-production phase comes to effect when the audio and visual materials are cut together to create a film, and it happens after principal shooting is complete. An editor assembles footage shot-by-shot, adds music (either original or licensed), and incorporates other sound and visual effects. Some elements of filming, like pick-up shots, voiceover, or ADR (Automated Dialogue Replacement) may be included in the post-production phase. These elements are woven together to create a multi-sensory experience we call a movie.

8. Film Promotion: Film Promotion is one type of film marketing. After the trailer launch generally they start to promote the the film by press interviews,  advertising campaigns, social media promotion, merchandising, franchising. Marketing budgets tend to equal about half the production budget. 

10. Film launching: Once the film is completed, it must be distributed or launched. This is how producers make their money back and a considerable amount of time and energy will be invested to secure the right distribution deals for their projects.

11. Other windows: A successful run in cinemas makes the film a sought-after product, which can be sold through other more lucrative channels like DVD’s, videos and games for the film. Hospitality sales for hotel channels and in flight entertainment can bring in millions of additional revenue.

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