A film movement in the Indian Cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream Bollywood cinema. Read more about Parallel Cinema https://aniradichita.com/2020/07/01/a-recall-to-parallel-cinema/
Here are a few directors from the movement of Parallel Cinema in India that touched hearts.
5) ADOOR GOPALKRISHNAN
Gopalakrishnan was born on 3 July 1941 in the village of Mannadi near Adoor, present day Kerala. He started his artistic life as an actor in amateur plays when he was 8. Later he shifted his base to writing and direction and wrote and directed a few plays. After securing a degree in Economics, Political Science and Public Administration in 1961, he worked as a government officer near Dindigul in Tamil Nadu. In 1962, he left his job to study screenwriting and direction from the Film and Television Institute of Pune.
With his classmates and friends, Adoor established Chithralekha Film Society and Chalachithra Sahakarana Sangham; the organization was the first film society in Kerala and it aimed at production, distribution and exhibition of films in the co-operative sector.
He has scripted and directed eleven feature films and about thirty short films and documentaries.
According to Adoor “in movies, the actor is not performing to the audience like the stage actor. Here they are acting for me. I am the audience and I will decide whether it is correct or not, enough or not.”
Adoor’s debut film, the national award-winning Swayamvaram (1972) was a milestone in Malayalam film history. The film was exhibited widely in various international film festivals including those held in Moscow, Melbourne, London and Paris.
In consideration of his contribution to Indian cinema, the nation honoured him with the title of Padma Shri(India’s fourth highest civilian award) in 1984 and Padma Vibhushan(India’s second highest civilian award) in 2006. He has won the National Film Award 16 times, next only to Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen.
4) SHYAM BENEGAL
Born on 14th December 1934, is an Indian director and screenwriter. With his first four feature films Ankur (1973), Nishant (1975), Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977). He was a part of the new genre and was famous for it, which came to be known as “middle cinema” in India. But, he expressed his dislike for the term and preferred his work to be called New or Alternate cinema.
He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1976 and Padma Bhushan in 1991. He was later awarded the highest award in Indian cinema for lifetime achievement, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2005.
Well Done Abba (2009) , to date is his last work, a political satire starring Boman Irani, Sameer Dattani and Minissha Lamba in pivotal roles. It won the 2009 National Film Award for Best Film on Social Issues.
3) RITUPARNO GHOSH
Born on 31st August 1963, was an Indian film director, writer and lyricist. Ghosh, pursued his degree in Economics and started off his career as a creative artist at an advertising agency. He was influenced by the works of Satyajit Ray and was an avid reader of Rabindranath Tagore. In his work, Tagore’s work are frequently refereed in his films. He received recognition for his second feature film Unishe April which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film. Having won 19 National Awards, along with his contemporaries Aparna Sen and Goutam Ghose, Rituparno heralded contemporary Bengali cinema to greater heights.
In his vocation spreading over right around two decades, he won 12 National and various International honors. His unreleased Bengali film Sunglass (otherwise called Taak Jhaank) was respected and released at the nineteenth Kolkata International Film Festival.
2) SHANTARAM RAJARAM VANKUDRE
Born on 18th November 1901, and referred to as V. Shantaram or Shantaram Bapu was an Indian Marathi filmmaker, film producer, and actor.
He’s mostly known for his films like:
In 1985, he was awarded with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award and in 1992, posthumously he was awarded with the Padma Vibhushan.
1) SATYAJIT RAY
Ray was an Indian film director, writer and illustrator, he was widely considered as India’s greatest filmmaker. He was drawn to Independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica’s Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves (1948) during a visit to London.
Ray’s first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including the inaugural Best Human Document award at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival.
He received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, a number of additional awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992. The Government of India honoured him with the Bharat Ratna, its highest civilian award, in 1992.
He’s the also the second film personality after Chaplin to have been awarded an honorary doctorate by Oxford University.
By Rajrita Chattopadhyay